What is “Hirz”? + The meaning of “Hirz”

Table of Contents:

1. Linguistic meaning of “Hirz
2. The meaning of “Hirz” in religious and narrative terminology
3. Did the Prophet (s) and the Imams (a) recommend the use of “Hirz” or did they prohibit it?
4, What Arabic terms have been used that are almost synonymous with “Hirz“?
5. Why have negative interpretations been used for the use of “Hirz” in some narratives?

You may associate “Hirz” with exorcism, written prayers, spells and magic, but what is “Hirz” really?

You might be someone who has never heard the word “Hirz” before, or even know how to pronounce it.

In this article, we aim to familiarize dear readers of the Razavi Collection with the meaning and concept of “Hirz.”

Linguistic meaning of “Hirz

In Arabic dictionaries and lexicons, various definitions and meanings have been given for the word “Hirz,” some of which are shown in the table below:

Arabic Text | English Translation

حِرز: (اسم) | The word “Hirz” is a noun.

الجمع : أَحْرازٌ | Its plural is “Ahrāz.”

الحِرْزُ : الوعاء الحصينُ يُحفَظَ فيه الشيء | “Hirz” is a sturdy container in which things are kept.

الحِرْزُ :المكان المنيع يلجأُ إِليه | “Hirz” is a resilient and fortified place to which one resorts.

الحِرْزُ :العُوذة، تميمة أو تعويذة يُكتب عليها وتُحمل لتحمِيَ حاملَها من المرض والخطر | “Hirz” is an amulet, talisman, or charm that is written on and carried to protect its bearer from illness and danger.

كَتَبَ لَها الْمُشَعْوِذُ حِرْزاً : أَيْ تَعْويذَةً، رُقْيَةً تَقِي حامِلَها مِنَ الشَّرِّ والْمَرَضِ كَما يَزْعُمونَ | The writer (scholar who knows the proper etiquettes) wrote a “Hirz” for him: Meaning an amulet, charm, or spell that protects the bearer from evil and illness, as they claim.

وَضَعَتْ جَواهِرَها في حِرْزٍ أَمينٍ : في صُنْدوقٍ تَحْفظُ فيهِ الأَشْياءَ الثَّمينَةَ | He put his jewelry in a secure box “Hirz“: In a container where precious things are kept.

كانَ في حِرْزٍ حَريزٍ : في مَوْضِعٍ حَصينٍ | There was a barrier in the “Hirz“: In a secure place.

The meaning of "Hirz" in religious and narrative terminology

Most of what has been mentioned in the narrations about what “Hirz” is, is a supplication that is recited or written.

And with Allah’s permission, it has a special effect on the reciter or bearer, and maybe from using the instructions or actions recommended for its use.

Did the Prophet and the Imams (Peace be upon them all) recommend the use of "Hirz" or did they prohibit it?

Yes, they recommend it.

As mentioned in some collections of narrations such as Bihar al-Anwar or some documented books like Mahaj al-Da’awat, not only did they mentioned about “Hirz“, but they also recommended and provided “Hirz” for their relatives and visitors. It is worth mentioning that in reputable books, it is observed that each of the Imams had several specific “Hirz” and used different supplications and affirmations for different occasions.

What Arabic terms have been used that are almost synonymous with "Hirz"?

Dictionaries and narrations include some terms that are almost synonymous with “Hirz.” These terms include “Taweez,” “Amulet,” “Talisman,” and “Hujub prayers.”

In some narrations, why have negative interpretations been used for the use of "Hirz"?

That’s correct!

Contrary to the narrations recommending the use of “Hirz” or historical evidence showing that the Imams (a) themselves used “Hirz,” in some narratives, strong prohibitions have been issued against the use of “Hirz” and similar items, even equating it with disbelief. So, the question arises, what is the reason for this contradiction?

With a little research into historical records and examining the beliefs of ancient people, the answer to this question becomes quite clear.

Here, the question arises, what is “Hirz” really?
To clarify the discussion, we need to ask a question:

Is the effect of "Hirz" independently related to itself, or is it because it is a prayer and request from Allah, and its effectiveness is only with His permission and favor?

The answer is clear.
As mentioned in the narrations related to affirmations, the effect of “Hirz” is from Allah’s permission, and it is with His favor that they become effective, not that they have an independent effect themselves.
For this reason, the counsellor of the Razavi Group always emphasize that affirmations are merely a means, and the only effective one is from Allah SWT.

In ancient times, among ignorant people, there were individuals who used certain objects such as stones, bones, talismans, etc. and they expected the effect independently. And in a way, they expected divine work from them. That is why in many narrations, their actions have been considered equivalent to disbelief. Of course, the content of the text must be in line with the Qur’an and Ahadiths, and if it is kind of polytheism, it will definitely not be usable.



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